A prominent Egyptian human rights organisation has reported 1294 cases of torture, both direct physical torture and torture through deliberate medical neglect, during the period January 2015 to May 2016.
The report, by the Egyptian Coordination for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF), monitored “876 cases over 2015, and 418 cases in the first five months of the year 2016.” They have also documented 378 of the cases in 2015.
According to the report, “134 civilians were killed as a result of torture during the reporting period; with 114 cases in 2015 and 20 cases in the first five months of 2016. Further, 102 prisoners have died from deliberate medical neglect in prison, and 32 detainees died following direct torture.”
The report further stated that “in the first five months of 2016, 418 cases of torture were monitored, with the number of students tortured 119, of whom 63 were university students and 55 secondary school students, and one elementary school student,” according to ECRF.
The report also mentioned the reported torture of: “11 doctors, two pharmacists, a veterinarian, 12 teachers, 14 engineers and four journalists.”
The age groups of those tortured according to the report: “30% of the cases of torture were under the age of 20; 65% of the cases were of those aged between 20 and 40; 5% of cases were of those over the age of forty.” Furthermore, of the cases monitored, seven females were subjected to torture.
The report elaborated on the various forms of torture practiced in prisons and places of detention in Egypt, including physical torture, which was divided into different categories: torture while arresting the individual, torture while detained in the place of detention, and torture before presenting the inmate to prosecution.
ECRF also highlighted another kind of torture suffered by thousands of the detainees, that of deliberate medical neglect, and denying the detainee from any medication or medical examination.
The report further highlighted the Ministry of Interior’s proclamation of “overcrowding in places of detention amounts up to 400%,” saying: “It means that death is inevitable for thousands of prisoners. Death due to medical negligence has claimed the lives of 102 detainees in the period between January 2015 and May 2016.”
Among the cases that were documented by the organisation was that of the two deaths that occurred due to electrocution in sensitive areas of the body. Also documented was: a case of a detainee who had his tongue cut off; a detainee who had hand and foot burnt; a case of a detainee who became completely paralysed on the left half of his body due to severe torture.